I never liked the word Artifact and in the UK we are more used to the concept of Deliverables, but is a burndown chart a deliverable? Not to my mind, so let's stick with the Scrum terminology. An artifact in Scrum is one of the following:
- The Product Backlog
- The Sprint Backlog
- Product Increment.
- Sprint Burndown Chart
- Release Burndown Chart
The first three are obviously deliverables, but the last two are more ways to communicate the status of where we are and where we expect to be. The artifacts are described below in brief:
The Product Backlog
This is the complete list of functionality that has yet to be added to the product. It is like a big todo list.
The Sprint Backlog
This is a list of what the team as agreed to work on during the sprint. Essentially these items of work will have been moved from the Product Backlog to the Sprint Backlog.
At the end of each sprint the goal is to have a potentially shippable product. These will be produced in increments until the final product is released or the project comes to an end.
Sprint Burndown Chart
This is a graph showing how many stories (work items) have been burned through during the sprint, effectively showing the teams progress.
Release Burndown Chart
During release planning you may have decided that it will take 4 sprints to deliver the product. The Release Burndown Chart reflects the progress of the sprints leading ultimately to a product release.